E- MARKETPLACES IN THE PAPER AND CARDBOARD INDUSTRY
Industry definition and characteristics
The paper industry
In accordance with the general industrial classification of economic activities within the European Communities (NACE Code 21), the paper industry covers the manufacture of paper pulp, paper or processed paper products. The manufacturing of these products is grouped together because it comprises a number of vertically connected processes. There are three main activities:
Paper pulp is produced by separating the cellulose fibres from the wood or waste paper and removing impurities.
Paper is manufactured by pressing these fibres into sheets.
Processed paper products are made from paper and other materials using various cutting and shaping techniques followed by coating and calendering.